SCIENTIFIC STUDIES ON THE DRIVING SIMULATOR

For those who compare the driving simulator to an ATARI as seen in social networks or luxury toys, it is good to know that it is a state-of-the-art technology that follows the world trend of those who live in the information society, research and technology.

The case study entitled The Faithful Effect of the Driving Simulator on Training Effectiveness was conducted in 2007 by Allen, Park, Cook and Firentino, of the Southern California Research Institute, in the United States, demonstrated that the use of the driving simulator during the The driver training process is one of the solutions to lower the high rates of traffic accidents. The reduction can reach 50% among new drivers.

In 2005 these same authors had already published research on how the steering simulator influences the performance of the steering by the novice driver.

Also in 2007, a survey by the Polytechnic University of Madrid in conjunction with the Humanist Institute and the European Association for the Information Society and Technology released the Report on the effectiveness of simulators as an educational tool and the use of Information Technology train and educate drivers.

In 2010, Winter, Van Leeuwen and Happee, from the Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft University of Technology, in the Netherlands, presented a study on the main advantages and disadvantages of the steering simulator.

In 2011 researchers from the University of Massachusetts and the Netherlands presented a study on steering simulators as a tool for the training and evaluation of new drivers.

Steering simulators are also used to more accurately assess the driving conditions of candidates with brain injuries and the validation measures of the results are more accurate than a traditional road test as a predictor of conditions and performance to drive (Taylor & Francis Group, 2011).

Therefore, as we can see, the driving simulator software is not new in the developed countries and its study has been done by the most respected universities that any professional that acts in traffic and in the teaching and learning of the vehicular direction would like to be enrolled.

It is not a silly toy, luxury or novelty that they have invented now as many might think. The use of driving simulators by the Department of Neurology at the University of Kansas has made it possible to detect the effects of Alzheimer’s on driver performance.

Simulators are also used for research in the areas of human, clinical, and psychic factors (medicine) to monitor driver behavior, performance, attention, relationship to drug and drug use, and ultimately to disease. In an experimental controlled environment it is possible to evaluate the effects of physical, mental or visual limitations on driving behavior and its effects as distraction.

For the disabled the simulator has acceleration and braking tests done with the pedals or by the push & pull system, the lever that allows accelerating and braking with manual movements of rotation and pressure.

Therefore, it is not appropriate to refer to the driving simulator in a derogatory and derogatory way to try to mask or justify other patrimonial interests that are behind its implementation.

For those who do not believe or against it, the moment is historical for a process of training drivers and on the verge of a pedagogical collapse, which urgently needs to be updated, changed and improved.

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